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In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

IVF is the most effective treatment for couples with absent, blocked or damaged fallopian tubes, and also the cases of unexplained infertility who have tried artificial insemination for a few times without success. The woman is given fertility injection to stimulate her ovaries.

The chances of pregnancy depend on number of the egg obtained and fertilized. The eggs are retrieved vaginally using ultrasound guidance, under general anesthesia after the final injection of ovulation induction. The fluid within the follicles or egg sacs is aspirated and then examined in our IVF laboratory to identify the eggs. After egg retrieval, the sperm is consequently added to the eggs and incubated in the laboratory for a further 24-48 hours. If fertilization has occurred, the zygote should then divide into two, and subsequently three, four or more cell embryos. The fertilized eggs (now called embryos) are transferred into the uterus through the cervix 48-72 hours after egg collection.

The procedure is normally painless procedure, and takes approximately 15-20 minutes. The chance of pregnancy is approximately 30-40% per cycle.